There are so many kinds of skin pigmentation, and they can be caused by a number of factors. Sometimes it is the sun’s rays that cause them to appear, while other times, it is hormones or genetics. Pigmentations can also develop as we age.

The good news for people or individuals who suffer from these conditions is that there are plenty of treatments like Pico Laser that is available today at aesthetic clinics in Singapore that will remove the pigmentations altogether! One of such clinics is Sozo Aesthetic Clinic. Visit their page to find out more about these amazing pigmentation removal treatments!

Today, we’ll take a look at pico laser treatment for pigmentation removal as it is one of the most sought-after treatments nowadays. But before anything else, let’s discuss the different types of skin pigmentations.

What is Skin Pigmentation?

Skin Pigmentation refers to the pigmented cells on your skin’s surface. These are produced by melanocytes which then produce melanin – something you’ve likely heard about before when it comes to aesthetic treatments in Singapore like laser tattoo removal.

There are two main types: epidermal pigmentations (such as age spots) and dermal pigmentation (due, for example, to sun exposure). Sometimes, there might be more than one type of these pigmentation present on our bodies at once.

Types of Pigmentations:

There are different kinds of pigmentations that we might develop on our bodies due to various factors, including genetics, hormones and/or sun damage. Below are some examples:

Age spots

Age spots form when melanocytes produce too much pigment, which leads to dark patches appearing in areas where there was less keratinization before, such as your hands and face, for example. While they aren’t cancerous, according to medical experts, age spots can still be aesthetic nuisances.

Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)

One that develops from inflammation due to acne breakouts and other injuries such as cuts – in these cases, there would be an increased amount of pigment production by melanocytes too because the body wants to heal itself faster (think about how wounds take time to heal). PIHs are often redder in colour, while age spots are dark brown or grey.

Solar Lentigo

This type of skin pigmentation is often caused by too much sun exposure. It’s also known as age spot or solar lentigo, and it usually appears on the hands, face and other parts of our body that are exposed to the sun most – such as elbows and knees.


This type of skin pigmentation often occurs when hormones fluctuate, which leads to increased production of melanin during pregnancy. For example, this condition resolves after childbirth but can be persistent without proper treatment. Melasma typically shows up brownish-black patches on one’s cheeks, forehead or chin. For example – these dark spots happen, especially if you’re pregnant so make sure not to forget to wear sunscreen!

Lentigo maligna

This kind might be cancerous, and it’s usually found on areas like your arms or back; in some cases, lentigo maligna could lead to melanomas which are more serious than other types of skin pigmentations as they can metastasize (spread) outside of our body.

What Causes such Skin Pigmentation?

There are some common factors that might cause pigmentation on our skin, including genetics, hormones and the sun’s rays.

  • Genetics: if your parents have it too, then you will probably develop pigmentations as well. This is because there’s an increased chance for mutations to happen in the genes related to melanin production.
  • Hormones: some people believe that we can attribute these changes in skin colour to hormonal fluctuations like puberty or pregnancy. When estrogen levels go up, and testosterone goes down during pregnancies, for example, this could result in more pigments being present due to less keratinization (the process by which cells produce natural protective layers).
  • Sun exposure: Through the years, sun exposure can lead to pigmentation changes in the skin – often the yellow or brown kind. This is why it’s important to use protective creams and lotions whenever you’re outdoors!

Is it Treatable?

If you’re developing skin pigmentation, then there are a number of treatments available. The most common aesthetic procedures include laser tattoo removal and pico lasers for pigmentation removal (among others). With that said, such pigmentations are usually treatable with aesthetic treatments.

What is Pico Laser?

Pico laser is a cosmetic aesthetic treatment that uses pulses of light to remove pigmentation from the skin. The treatment has no recovery period, which means you can carry on with your daily routine immediately after the procedure. This might not sound huge, but when we consider how many aesthetic treatments have an extensive recovery process, this one goes by really quickly!

Another thing about Pico Laser treatments, they don’t hurt as much. Most people believe pico lasers for pigmentation removal are more comfortable than other types of aesthetic procedures because they’re less painful. However, this does depend largely on individual tolerance levels, so it’s important to discuss your expectations and preferences with the aesthetician beforehand.

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