Common Mental Disorders in Children and Young Adults


Research shows that one in five children between the ages between 13 and 18 will suffer one form of a mental disorder or another. Also, statistics show that only roughly 50% of youth between the ages of 8-and 15 receive mental health Kentucky services. When a mental disorder is not treated, it increases in severity, making its treatment more difficult. Even worse, untreated children are more likely to develop other mental problems. This article looks at the common mental health problems in children, and how you can seek services from qualified psychiatrists Louisville ky.


Depression in children and young adults is characterized by unusually long episodes of sad moods and a loss of enjoyment and interest in activities they previously loved. Depressed children may feel worthless, tired, and hopeless. Also, they may struggle to concentrate and make decisions. These children also stay away from others and may hesitate to take part in activities. Some have difficulty completing schoolwork or tasks and are exceptionally disengaged and quiet.

Other signs and symptoms in depressed children may include anger or irritability, changes in eating or sleep, increased sensitivity, and crying easily. Other children may experience physical ailments like headaches and stomachaches. At the worst, affected children may even think of suicide or death. Although depression is extremely serious, it is treatable if you approach good psychiatrists Louisville KY.


Psychosis is a severe brain condition. Children with psychosis lose contact with reality and often have a challenge distinguishing between what’s real and what’s not. Also, they may suffer from false beliefs or delusions. Others hallucinate, which means they see things that aren’t necessarily there. The condition can occur with other mental health problems like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.


Schizophrenia refers to a severe psychiatric condition that causes victims to have strange and thinking, as well as unusual mannerisms and behavior. The symptoms of schizophrenia in children include hearing and seeing things that don’t necessarily exist, extreme moodiness, severe anxiety, and odd speech and behavior.

Schizophrenic children are also inappropriately demanding, bossy, manipulative, and dishonest. They also have little impulse control, have poor relationships, and may be superficially very fearful or charming. Some tend to be confused or very suspicious that everyone wants to get them.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is also called manic-depressive and is a serious disorder of the brain known to cause extreme mood shifts, activity, and energy. They experience extreme mood swings and may also suffer from extreme lows and highs. Extreme low is depression while extreme high is called mania. Manic children talk non-stop, sleep less, and are characterized by unusually impaired judgment.

Other symptoms of bipolar disorder in children include racing thoughts, irritability, delusions, explosive rages, escalated risk-taking, hallucinations, dangerous behavior, defiance, and inappropriate sexual behavior. But these symptoms are not experienced by children at the same time. Most kids will go through periods where the symptoms become worse. Bipolar disorder can make child victims contemplate suicide or even hurt themselves. Because of fluctuating energy levels and mood swings, children with bipolar disorder can find it difficult to concentrate and learn at the pace of others. This means that they need additional support at home.

While the serious nature of the bipolar disorder is undeniable, children with the condition can manage the symptoms. With the help of top psychiatrists Louisville ky and they can be successful not only in school but also in home and community activities.

ADHD, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADHD is among the most common child mental health disorders and if not treated, can go into adulthood. Children with ADHD have problems staying focused, may struggle with controlling their behavior and energy, and also find paying attention difficult. Other ADHD children are hyperactive and tend to have problems sitting still and being patient. 

Other problems include the inability to complete household chores or schoolwork, organization problems, difficulty listening, being easily distracted, forgetting things often, get bored easily, and making careless mistakes.

For a child to be diagnosed with ADHD, he or she must be outside the normal range of their age and development. For example, children can be overstimulated, fidgety, or hyperactive but when a child has ADHD, these symptoms are more severe and happen more frequently.

Anxiety Disorders

These are a variety of brain disorders that cause children to be distressed, uneasy, excessively worried, and fearful. Anxiety is common in all children while growing up. They may have fears like the fear of speaking in class in front of other children, monsters, or dark. But these problems are typical provided these fears are not extreme, long-lasting, or affect their regular functioning. 

Young people with anxiety disorders may also feel restless, irritable, and nervous. They may even experience panic attacks characterized by shortness of breath, sweaty hands, and a fast heart rate. Children with anxiety disorders also have physical complaints, meaning your kid may complain of stomachaches, headaches, or other issues. Victims of anxiety disorders tend to feel powerless or hopeless and tend to have concerns that all things are not going right and that things are only going to get worse. They also have difficulty sleeping and could even avoid school because they fear that something bad could befall their kin in their absence. Anxiety disorders may come in several types, which include generalized anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorders, phobic disorders, post-traumatic stress disorders, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, and selective mutism. Whatever the type of anxiety disorder, it is advisable to seek treatment early from a top mental health Kentucky institution. 


As a parent, you have to monitor your child and spot any behaviors that are out of the ordinary. This article talks about common disorders that tend to interfere with the development of your child. By understanding these disorders, we can help our kids get the intervention and support they need. 

In case you suspect that your child has a brain disorder, the best course of action to take is to visit a mental health Kentucky institution. These have top psychiatrists Louisville KY that can diagnose and identify a problem before it gets out of hand.